The difference between a DEX and a CEX The Complete Guide to Decentralized Exchanges DEX

Instead of trading against other market participants, your trades are matched by an automated market maker, a system providing liquidity for trading pairs of cryptocurrencies. What is the difference between CEX and DEX” in the assurance of user anonymity with decentralized exchanges. The two notable categories of decentralized exchanges include order book DEXs and automated market makers or AMM DEXs. The first generation of decentralized exchanges followed the conventional order book model used in centralized exchanges. When depositing into centralized exchanges, users give up custody of their cryptocurrencies removing the ability of traders to maintain ultimate control of their assets. Cryptoexchanges are platforms that enable users to trade one cryptocurrency for another.Centralized exchanges are crypto exchanges that act as intermediaries between buyers and sellers.

Centralized exchanges are drastically easier to use than decentralized exchanges. Decentralized exchanges provide better security to users against hacking attempts and other such attacks. However, CEXes do usually have friendlier UI and higher trading volumes. On DEXes, no central authority figure watches over all transactions, and the platforms allow for better privacy and anonymity for users.

Centralized Exchanges vs Decentralized Exchanges

These are changing platforms and technologies, so do some research to make sure you know what you’re doing, and that you’re keeping your keys, phrases, and assets safe. How these aggregators work is similar to a search engine, in that they compile and accumulate information and data from different exchanges to give users more options. First of all, you can use Kriptomat to buy Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies with euros. It is a mixture of the traditional financial industry and financial technology.

As more businesses and organizations begin to explore the potential of these new technologies, the debate over centralization vs decentralization is likely to intensify. In comparison to decentralized platforms, centralized platforms are easier to regulate. A centralized crypto exchange is regulated, needs an operating license, and adheres to regulatory requirements.

Reach out to our team to further discuss our views on exchangesand how we enable leading exchanges to access to payment rails, and multi-currency transaction business solutions. At BCB, we work with businesses across the blockchain and Fintech sectors that offer both centralised and decentralised services and products. Since DEXs are built on-chain, they are limited to offering support for tokens that are native to the chain they run on. For example, Ethereum-based DEXs will support ERC-20 tokens, but a trader may not be able to swap from native Bitcoin to Ether on easily. The growing popularity of DEXs may in part reflect their success in dodging some regulatory hurdles.

Centralized vs Decentralized Exchanges

DEXes may provide quicker and more cost-efficient transactions compared to CEXes. By removing the need for a centralized authority and any intermediaries that would otherwise demand a part of the transaction fees and take longer to facilitate a trade. Since DEXes are permissionless, anyone can provide liquidity for a new trading pair and start a new market. You can not trade crypto against fiat currencies on decentralized exchanges, only against stablecoins. CEX vs DEX debate shows that decentralized exchanges have a long way to go. Decentralized exchanges have obviously emerged as an easier alternative than centralized exchanges.

The obvious alternative are a newer type of exchange that is decentralized such as Uniswap and Pancakeswap. Centralized exchanges are platforms that allow users to buy and sell cryptocurrencies for fiat currencies such as the US dollar or digital assets like BTC and ETH. They operate as trustworthy brokers in deals and frequently serve as custodians, keeping and safeguarding your cash.

Centralized Exchanges vs Decentralized Exchanges

They are called centralized because a company with centralized decision-making power runs them. This article will provide a holistic overview of centralized and decentralized exchanges, their benefits and drawbacks, and how they differ. To conclude, we will share our thoughts on where we see the industry moving and what traders should consider before trading on either. Decentralized exchange is a non-centralized alternative to centralized exchange in which no single entity is in charge of the assets. In contrast to traditional centralized exchanges, smart contracts and decentralized apps are used to automate transactions and trades.

It’s less of an entity and more of a slick piece of tech that enables P2P trades and otherwise stays hands-off. Get the latest blockchain news, webinars, resources, and more straight to your inbox. The vast majority is in production/beta; this report aims to list all of them and assess their current state of development. I included their website and Medium accounts when available, which provide most of projects’ updates. Arianee recently listed on a DEX, after being traded on Uniswap for some time. For our in-depth article on why we chose to trade on a DEX, specifically Bittrex, jump over to our article on that HERE.

DEXs and Fraud

In addition, assets do not flow through a third party which some prefer to maintain anonymity. Lastly, fees still apply on a decentralized exchange, but they are redistributed to liquidity providers. A liquidity provider is a financial institution that behaves like an intermediary in a securities market. For this reason, distributing the fees back to them is seen in a positive light. Decentralized trading platforms are slower than those that are centralized.

Centralized Exchanges vs Decentralized Exchanges

With a centralized crypto exchange, traders deposit their funds into an intermediary account for a specified period to ensure transactions are safe. When it comes to CoinDCX, as one of the leading centralized crypto exchanges in India, compliance is the key. To ensure a seamless user experience, a compliant environment is a must for CoinDCX.

What is the difference between CEX and DEX?

Large exchanges usually hold billions of dollars worth of bitcoin, making them a target for hackers and theft. Centralized exchanges, on the other hand, offer access to a curated list. And remember the golden rule of crypto trading; never invest something you’re not ready to lose. Otherwise, you’ll end up without the potatoes you worked so hard to grow and with a sack of spoiled milk and rotten cryptos. CEXs are a safe introduction to the world of crypto trading in terms of short-term benefits while DEXs are a riskier place where you can get higher rewards if you play the game right.

  • Transactions are made through the mechanisms provided and approved by a central authority which oversees its day-to-day operations like maintenance, security, and growth.
  • Due to their nature of allowing for the peer-to-peer exchange of cryptocurrencies, decentralized exchanges prevent market manipulation, protecting users from fake trading and wash trading.
  • Decentralized exchanges also operate on-chain and have a different mechanism for matching and settling trades.
  • And most importantly, users cannot use fiat money (EUR, USD, etc.) to buy cryptocurrencies.

The processes for using decentralized exchanges can be less intuitive than those people are used to from TradFi. Depending on the underlying blockchain, trades may take longer to execute and can be expensive, further contributing to friction in user journeys. Their interfaces and apps tend to be more beginner and user-friendly and generally offer more liquidity and stronger regulatory assurances, which can be especially important for institutional clients.

What Is a Centralized Cryptocurrency Exchange (CEX)?

Despite its enormous value proposition, the AMM model does not substitute centralized order books’ accuracy and performance with centralized liquidity. 3) Cryptocurrency is offered by SoFi Digital Assets, LLC, a FinCEN registered Money Service Business. Smart contracts themselves are similar to bits of code or commands that automate a process, and if there’s an error in the smart contract, it could produce unanticipated results. That said, a bad or poorly developed smart contract could cause issues, which is something to be aware of. Others counter that since all orders are published on a public ledger, there is no exclusive opportunity for any select individual to front-run from a traditional perspective. However, it has been questioned whether a miner can front-run by noticing an order before it’s confirmed and force their own order to get added to the blockchain first.

This is common in a bank setup, where a customer trusts the bank to hold his or her money. Users of decentralized exchanges must remember the keys and passwords to their crypto wallets, or their assets are lost forever and cannot be recovered. They require the user to learn and get familiar with the platform and the process, unlike centralized exchanges, which offer a more convenient and user-friendly process.

You can always access DEXs, irrespective of market crashes, and use your assets as you want. You might have assumed that DEXs are the winners when it comes to liquidity, especially owing to the use of liquidity pools in AMM DEXs. However, there are many other concerns that affect the liquidity of decentralized exchanges. For example, decentralized exchanges have to struggle more in comparison to CEXs in the case of large investors due to regulatory insufficiencies. In the case of centralized exchanges, you have to place your assets in the custody of the exchange before you start trading.


People like Vinny Lingham say that some centralized exchanges will soon close, and think this will accelerate the adoption of decentralized exchanges. All the projects below are or contain decentralized exchanges functionalities in their global offers. For the sake of that study, and since there are not any fully decentralized and working exchanges, semi-decentralized exchange will be included. Another central aspect is that decentralized exchanges present the characteristics, benefits and limitations, of their underlying blockchain.

Many crypto traders use both, as certain tokens can only be found on DEXes and CEXes provide entry and exit points to cryptocurrencies and the regular financial system. On the other hand, centralized exchanges offer better ease of use with flexible user interface designs. As of now, centralized exchanges are the first point of entry for anyone interested in exploring the crypto space. However, decentralized exchanges have the potential to transform the future of crypto ownership and trading.

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Besides keeping up with the latest in corporate innovation and emerging tech, Toni Witt runs CosmoLabs, a creative agency that builds custom web-based augmented reality experiences for brands. He offers a free consultation session to get the conversation going about how your organization can leverage AR. If you’ve been reading about blockchain and the Metaverse, you probably heard the classic explanation of the Web1 to Web3 transition.

Investors and traders are concerned about their reliability when it comes to cryptocurrencies because they are already operating in a more risky environment than traditional bonds and equities. When it comes to transactions and trading, centralized crypto exchanges provide an advantage by adding an extra degree of security and dependability. For most digital currency investors, the centralized cryptocurrency exchange is one of the most important vehicles for transacting. Centralized cryptocurrency exchanges are online platforms used to buy and sell cryptocurrencies.

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Full BioNathan Reiff has been writing expert articles and news about financial topics such as investing and trading, cryptocurrency, ETFs, and alternative investments on Investopedia since 2016. One of the other benefits of certain CEXs is the option to leverage your investments using borrowed money from the exchange, called margin trading. It allows investors Decentralized Exchange to reap higher returns, but losses can also be amplified. There are Centralized and Decentralized Cryptocurrency Exchanges, and each offers advantages and disadvantages. If you’ve been trading on a centralized exchange for a while now, and feel experienced and confident enough to break out on your own , making the leap from CEX to DEX may be the right move.

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